Importance and scope of agriculture. Land and its uses with particular reference to agriculture. Introductory crop production. Agricultural ecology of Nigeria. Agronomy of some arable crops. Land preparation. Harvesting, processing and reservation method. Farm tools and machinery including tractor driving and by-products. Basic farm management techniques. Fisheries and wildlife production. Forest products. General introduction to livestock production and health.
Modern Physics was developed over the first four decades of the 20th century, following the surprising failure of classical physics to provide a consistent description of the behaviour of light and matter on the atomic scale. It forms the backbone of many other areas of physics. It is therefore important to understand the basic principles underlying classical physics, before proceeding to modern physics which is a rich discipline that provides foundation knowledge about how high tech devices work as well as illuminates myriads of emergent phenomena that seem to be of fundamental interest on many intellectual levels and in our daily lives.
This course is designed to address the subject of energy and environment under topics such as: Energy Terminology and concept, Energy in surroundings, kinds of energy and its conversion, mechanical energy, electrical energy, wave energy, thermal energy. Energy use, alternative energy, wind power, biomass, solar, nuclear, energy from oceans. Energy efficiency, saving energy, renewable and non renewable energy, energy conservation and energy crisis. Relationship between energy environment, the elements which gives an effect to living things, temperature, light, water, ecology and adaptation, hospitable environment, ecology and ecological equilibrium, pollution problems, mechanism about pollution as biological magnification, avid, green house effect.
This is a compulsory course that is designed to meet the need of students in other fields such as Physics (SOS), AGP (SEMS), AGY (SEMS) and RSG (SEMS). Topics to be covered include: The foundation of classical thermodynamics including Zeroth laws and definition of temperature; first law of thermodynamics, work, heat and internal energy. Carnot cycles and second law of thermodynamics; Entropy and irreversibility, thermodynamic potentials and Maxwell relations, Applications of thermodynamics laws (1st and 2nd); Qualitative discussion of phase transitions; third law of thermodynamics, ideal and real gases, Elementary kinetic theory of gases including Boltzmann constant, Maxwell-Boltzmann law of distribution of velocities. Simple applications of the distribution law and 3rd law of thermodynamics.
This is a laboratory course that consist of group of experiments drawn from diverse area of Physics (Optics, Mechanics, Modern Physics etc) i.e experiments on the determination of moments of inertia, of a bar using bifilar suspension, determination of the moment of inertia of a flywheel, principles of moment, principles of kinematics, spiral spring, determination of acceleration due to gravity by means of compound pendulum, coefficient of static and dynamic friction for wood, determination of the refractive index of a prism, determination of the focal length of an inaccessible converging lens by Newtonâ€™s method, determination of the focal length of a converging lens by location of virtual Images, determination of the focal length of a converging lens by self conjugate method. Determination of the focal length of a diverging lens using a concave mirror and a diverging lens, Determination of the focal length of a converging lens by displacement method, determination of the focal length of a convex mirror using a plane mirror and a converging mirror.
This will involve field planting. Each student will be allocated a field plot for the planting and management of an arable crop. Students will be exposed to practical work in animal production and health, fisheries and wildlife management, and crop and forestry nurseries.
This course introduces the concept of classical wave theory and optics. It covers the basis of waves including phenomena like acoustic waves, harmonic and damp oscillatory systems. It also covers diffractions of electromagnetic waves and their applications.